Are you looking to decide which country is the best – the United States or Canada? Here, we will explore many key factors to help you decide such as cost of living and job opportunities to see which country is the best fit.

Moving to a different country is always a challenging experience and you will need to consider multiple factors before selecting the right country for you and your family.

However, you don’t need to worry. In this post, we will help to relieve your stress and anxiety when choosing between the US and Canada for relocation. It’s important to understand it’s not a USA vs Canada competition, as both countries will have their advantages and disadvantages in terms of living.

However, we aim to clarify key factors such as job opportunities, cost of living, climate, and culture to make sure you are selecting the right country for relocation based on your lifestyle and budget.

We have helped countless individuals and families move their personal belongings to the USA and Canada and have spoken to many about their experiences of living in the country. If you require assistance with removals to Canada or to the USA, make sure to contact us.


1. Climate in the US vs. Canada: Winner USA

Climate in the USA vs Canada

There is a lot to think about when deciding which place is better to live in. Whether you prefer a climate similar to the UK or want to enjoy more sun year-round, each country has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of climate.

Climate of the USA:

The US has warmer weather on average compared to Canada. The USA will experience 2,628 hours of sunshine per year whereas Canada will experience around 1,935 hours of sunshine per year.

The hottest weather in the USA is in coastal areas such as Florida and California as well as the southern regions. The Northern regions, such as North Dakota and Michigan will experience colder weather throughout the year which you will need to prepared for if you decide to live there.

New York, located in the North-East, has a humid subtropical weather. The summers will be hot and humid, and the winters will be cold and snowy. Expats we have spoken to the past who have moved to New York have said the weather is very changeable between the seasons, so make sure to check the forecast as the weather can be very unpredictable.

Climate of Canada:

The climate of Canada is colder on average compared to the USA, however, if you are looking to live in the warmest city in Canada, it is worth looking at Kamloops in British Columbia. It’s one the most desirable parts of British Columbia as the weather is very good and its placed in a great location. You can experience up to 29°C in the summer months, allowing you to enjoy great beaches such as Riverside Park Beach and Overlander Park Beach.

As Canada is the second largest country in the world it will have different climates. The Northern Part of Canada will be extremely cold and the West Coast cities such as Vancouver will be fairly mild. Toronto located in south-eastern Canada, will be continental and the winters will be cold and the summers will be hot and humid. If you’re planning to live in Canada or the USA, it’s worth researching the climate in detail to see which is most suited for you.

2. Job Market Comparison Between US Vs Canada: Winner  CanadaJob Market Comparison Between US Vs Canada

If you’re thinking about moving to Canada or the USA, one of the most important decisions to evaluate is the job market, your skill set, and the potential job opportunities and cost of living for you and your family.

Job Market in the USA:

The USA is known for its excellent job market with wide-ranging industrial opportunities. The key industries are technology, finance, entertainment and healthcare. As an expat from the UK, you can avail yourself of amazing opportunities at Google, Apple, Tesla, Microsoft and Facebook.

The average salary in America is $77,000 (£61,000) which is higher than the UK’s average at (£41,000). The U.S. is known for their high salaries and their competitive work culture, so if you have a strong work ethic, you are bound to fit in the U.S.

Job Market in Canada:

Canada also offers a robust job market. Many of the key jobs in demand in the country include medical professionals and specialists, therapists and counsellors, and engineers. You can find a more comprehensive list in our previous post about Canada jobs in demand.

The average salary in Canada is $70,000 (£40,767) according to, which is lower compared to the average salary of Americans. However, you will need to take into consideration U.S. citizens can expect to pay more in nearly every aspect of living.

Canada has the big advantage though for UK and other foreign citizens that it’s much easier to migrate there whereas you need a job offer and sponsorship to work in the USA.

3. Outdoor Activities in the USA Vs Canada:  DrawOutdoor Activities in the USA Vs Canada

When considering whether Canada or the USA is the better place to live, the answer will largely depend on the lifestyle you’re seeking. Both countries offer excellent outdoor activities, so your decision will hinge on the specifics of what you enjoy most, what suits you long term, the level of busyness you desire, and the pace of life that fits you best.

Outdoor Activities in the USA:

One of the most popular outdoor activities in the U.S. is fishing. Around 52.4 million Americans fished and it is a great way to explore nature and for family-bonding. Hunting is also very popular in the U.S. and a recent national survey found that that 6% of the U.S. population hunted in the last year.

Camping is another popular outdoor activity. 41.7 million (13.80%) U.S. citizens participated in camping and it’s an affordable activity that allows people to escape the hustle and bustle of their daily lives and relieve stress.

Of course, hiking is another popular outdoor activity. You get to explore the Grand Canyon National Park and Glacier National Park. Even the photos you see of the Grand Canyon National Park does not fully grasp the beauty of the location compared to seeing it in the flesh.

Outdoor Activities in Canada:

Skiing is a favourite in Canada, especially in the cold seasons. There are over 280 ski areas in Canada and 14.2% of Canadians over the age of 12 patriciate in skiing and snowboarding. If you decide to migrate to Canada, it’s worth learning as it’s a great way to integrate into the local culture.

There are many great mountain ski resorts in Canada such as Ski in Banff National Park, the oldest national park in Canada. Banff Ski season is the longest in North America, running from mid-November through to April.

Dog sledding is another unique Canadian outdoor activity. In regions such as Quebec, Labrador and the North West Territories it is very popular. Dogsledding in Canada traces back centuries, initially used for transportation and hunting, it’s now a beloved activity for cultural tradition. You get to experience the thrill of guiding the dogs through the snow and going on an exciting adventure.

4. Taxes in the US vs Canada: Winner USATaxes in the US Vs Canada

When considering a move to North America, understanding the tax systems in the United States and Canada is crucial. Both countries offer unique advantages and challenges in their taxation policies, which can significantly impact your financial planning and overall quality of life

Taxes in the USA:

The U.S. government decides how much tax you owe by using tax brackets. The higher you earn, the more you will be taxed. In the US, the tax rate is 12% for an income of $11,601 to $47,150, and if you have an income of $47,151 to $100,525 you will be taxed at 22%.  There is also an additional tax that will vary from state to state.

Taxes in Canada:

Taxes in Canada will be higher for lower incomes. You will have to pay a 15% tax on income of $55,867 or less. For higher salaries, you will be taxed from 20.5% up to 33%. Check out the Canada government website if you would like to find out more about provincial tax rates.

5. Beaches in the US vs. Canada: Winner USAShould you move to the USA or Canada #

Both countries boast wonderful beaches, so it’s important to consider what you’re looking to experience, whether it’s great surfing, a dip in the ocean, or a quiet walk along the shore before further exploration.

Beaches in the USA:

The USA has some of the most beautiful beaches in the world, and you have so many options to choose from.  The most visited beach in the USA is Miami Beach in Florida. Each year Miami welcomes over 13 million visitors, and the beaches are one of the biggest attractions to the city. Ocean City in Maryland is also another great beach in the U.S. and has a great vibe.

Beaches in Canada:

Canada may not be known for its beaches, but you will find plenty of beautiful beaches to explore in your free time. The biggest beach in Canada is Wasaga Beach, which has more than 14 kilometers of white sandy coastline, welcoming millions of visitors each year.

Other popular beaches in Canada include Sombrio Beach (British Columbia), Grand Beach (Manitoba), and Magdalen Islands (Quebec). Grand Beach in particular is known for its beautiful sandy beaches and mesmerising sunsets.

6. Cost of Living Comparison in the USA vs. Canada:  Winner  Canada

Cost of Living Comparison in the USA Vs Canada

Naturally, you will enjoy a better lifestyle in an area that offers a high standard of living and competitive salaries. When considering a move from the UK to Canada or the USA, many people focus on potential earnings without fully considering the cost of living. Below is a brief comparison of the cost of living in Canada and the USA, which may help you determine the best option for you.

Cost of Living in the USA:

The cost of living in the USA is higher compared to Canada. Rent per month in the city centre will cost around $1756 (£1382), whereas outside the city center will cost you around $1,444 (£1136). On average, utility bills per month will be around $203 (£159).

Of course, these costs vary widely depending on the region. There are higher costs in cities like New York and San Francisco and more affordable living in the Midwest and South.

Cost of Living in Canada:

The cost of living in Canada is 13.4% cheaper compared to the United States. This includes food, rent, transportation, and sports and leisure.

In terms of food, popular staple foods such as eggs, cheese, meat, bread, and fruit are all cheaper in Canada and the quality is very good as well. Canada is undoubtedly cheaper for cost of living, however, you do need to take into account, that median income are lower across the country compared to the U.S which is a contributing factor.

7.  Food in the USA vs. Canada: Winner USA

There there are many opportunities to broaden your palate when settling in Canada or the U.S and the cuisine is very good in both countries with so much variety.

Food in the USA:

Burgers, Pizza, Hot Dogs, Fried Chicken, Mac and Cheese and BBQ Ribs are the most popular foods in the country and they are all delicious. These are dishes that are derived from ingredients that are seemingly simple, but are in fact, so full of flavour you won’t be able to get enough. The food is heavier is designed to fill you up and keep you coming back for more.

It’s worth noting food varies depending on where you find yourself living. Farther north in areas such as New England and New York, food becomes more sophisticated. New York City, for instance, is an internationally known city with cultural influences from around the globe. You can find any type of cuisine from any country imaginable here. The New England states focus their attention more on the freshest lobster and clams you can get.

Foods in Canada:

Canada is home to many mouth-watering snacks, meals, and traditional foods. From maple syrup to poutine, smoked meat to lobster rolls, the country and its residents has a wide range of cultural influences, which results in some pretty interesting culinary combinations.

Poutine is their most famous dish involving crispy fries, squeaky cheese curds, and rich gravy all come together to make the ultimate comfort food said to have originated in Quebec City during the 1950s.

If you are looking for hearty comfort food, look no further than French Canadian Tourtière, a meaty, flavorful pie that is typically enjoyed around the holidays (but is also enjoyed all year long). Tourtière is a Canadian meat pie dish that originated in Quebec, where it is still a traditional part of the New Years’ meals.

It’s worth looking at our previous post about the top 30 traditional Canadian foods and snacks you must try if you visit Canada.

8. Work-Life Balance in the USA Vs Canada:  Winner  Canada

Work-Life Balance in the USA Vs Canada

If your decision is based on the potential lifestyle you can achieve, you might want to consider how much time you’ll spend at work and whether you can adjust your employment to provide a better lifestyle than you currently have in the UK

Work-Life Balance in the USA:

The U.S. is noted for its longer working hours and fewer vacation days, presenting a unique challenge that drives a fast-paced lifestyle.

Despite these aspects, the U.S. is ranked 23rd in the World Happiness Report. If you are looking to immerse yourself into a culture of hard work and high rewards, you will adapt easily to the USA working culture and thrive.

Work-Life Balance in Canada:

Canada is renowned for its exceptional work-life balance, offering generous parental leave and ample vacation time, making it an attractive destination if you are seeking a more relaxed professional environment.

The country boasts a long life expectancy, and is ranked higher than the U.S. for in the World Happiness Report, coming in at 15th. It’s a country where contentment and well-being are part of the national ethos.

9.  Sports in the USA vs. Canada: Winner USA

Sports in the USA Vs Canada

If you’re passionate about sports, both Canada and the USA offer excellent opportunities to get involved. Whether you prefer watching or participating in team sports or individual events, your choice of location will determine the types of sports available to you.

Popular Sports in the USA:

Historically, the national sport has been baseball, however American football is the most popular sport when you take into account viewership numbers. For instance, the Super bowl was watched by 123.4 million in the US in 2024, one of the highest sport viewing numbers ever in the USA.

In terms of annual attendance in the stadiums, Major League Baseball leads significantly, drawing a total of 68,494,752 spectators. In comparison, basketball attracts 21,964,447 attendees, and the NFL follows with 17,171,581 attendees per year. Fenway Park, home to the Boston Red Sox, is one of the world’s most iconic baseball stadium, and it’s well worth a visit.

Popular Sports in Canada:

The undisputed king of Canadians sport is ice hockey. Considered the nations official ‘winter sport’. It’s deeply ingrained, with the National Hockey League (NHL) being the most followed league, featuring the Toronto Maple Leafs and Montreal Canadiens.

Lacrosse is also recognised as Canada’s national summer sport and has been a popular sport in the country since the mid-1800s.

10. Healthcare System in the USA vs. Canada: Winner Canada

Healthcare System in the USA Vs Canada

Both Canada and the USA have robust public health initiatives and prioritise preventative medicine over reactive treatment. There are some differences between the two systems may influence your decision on where to live.

Healthcare in the United States:

The United States has the highest healthcare costs in the world, with an average per capita expenditure of $13,400. Operating predominately under a private healthcare system, the U.S. offers access to some of the world’s top medical facilities, which contributes to its high cost. To manage these costs, most obtain health insurance through their employers.

Healthcare in Canada:

Canada offers a publicly funded healthcare system called Medicare, which ensures essential medical services to all Canadian citizens and permanent residents, regardless of social status or income. This system is supported by taxes paid by Canadian citizens, which cover costs associated with emergency services and routine check-ups. On average, Canadians spend significantly less on healthcare, with a per capita expenditure of $7,064.

11. Cultural Differences in the USA vs. Canada: Draw

Cultural Differences in the USA Vs Canada

Settling into a new country can be challenging, especially when adapting to a new culture. While Canada and the United States are generally considered expat-friendly, there are key aspects of each country that might influence your decision on where to settle. Understanding these differences can help you choose the best place to base yourself.

Culture in the USA:

The USA boasts a highly individualistic culture that strongly emphasises personal achievement and success. Moreover, the US is known for the idea of a melting pot. It is a mixture of different cultural identities into a single national identity.

Culture in Canada:

Canadians are known for their politeness and kindness. These qualities result in national harmony and respectful conversations. The critical cultural values are: commitment to its multicultural policy, collectivist approach, valuing social welfare and community support.

12.Education Quality and Options in the USA vs. Canada: Winner USA for Universities, Canada for schools

Education quality and options in the USA vs Canada

The education systems in Canada and the United States emphasise quality and inclusivity. If you are relocating to either country with children, it is advisable to familiarise yourself with their education systems before deciding where to settle.

Education in the USA:

The United States is up there with the best educational system in the world and has some of the best universities. Although the cost of education is high, the country does provide scholarships and financial aid to help their citizens. The top universities in the USA include Stanford University, Harvard University, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Education in Canada:

Canada also offers high-quality education. It has many globally recognised universities and a robust public education system. Major universities in Canada are the University of Toronto, the University of Alberta, the University of McGill, McMaster University, and the University of British Columbia.

You experience low tuition fees in comparison to the US. Moreover, you can get scholarships and grants as an International student. Hence, choosing the best destination between the US and Canada depends on your financial and educational goals.

13. UK Expat Community in the USA vs. Canada: Draw

UK expat community in the USA and Canada

Moving to a new country can be daunting. Fortunately, both Canada and the United States have thriving UK expat communities to help you settle in, make friends, and learn about the local culture.

UK Expat Community in the USA:

The USA has a widespread UK expat community.  The most popular hubs for UK expats are in New York, Los Angeles and San Francisco. However, you will find plenty of UK expats throughout the country. There are a wealth of social clubs, online forums, and expat associations to immerse yourself in, and obviously the shared language helps.

UK Expat Community in Canada:

 UK expat community is mainly concentrated in major cities like Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. This is largely because of the job opportunities available in those regions. It’s worth looking at Facebook groups and getting involved in the regular meetups to adapt to your new country.

14. How welcoming and ease of fitting in: Winner Canada

Both North American countries are very welcoming and friendly. Those who have used PSS to move to either countries have often spoken about the ease of fitting in.

Ease of fitting in USA:

Many Americans are very curious about British culture and enjoy engaging with UK expats. Culturally, the strong British influence in early American society means that many traditions, holidays, and societal norms in the USA have roots in British customs. This shared cultural heritage makes it easier for UK expats to adapt to life in the USA, as they encounter familiar practices and values.

Ease of fitting in Canada:

You’ll find Canadian people exceptionally welcoming to UK expats, thanks to their friendliness, politeness, and multicultural ethos. Canadians often go out of their way to assist newcomers, offering help with local customs and everyday tasks. Canada’s historical and cultural links to the UK, rooted in shared Commonwealth ties, significantly ease your transition. Familiar customs, legal systems, and cultural practices will create a sense of comfort.

15. Languages in the USA vs. Canada: Draw

Languages in the USA vs Canada

When considering a move, understanding the linguistic landscape can be crucial. Canada and the United States, while neighboring countries, have distinct language dynamics that reflect their unique histories and cultural influences.

Languages in the USA:

The majority of USA citizens (87%) spoke English as their first language. Spanish is also a popular language in the U.S, especially in large Hispanic regions in the U.S. In fact, over 42 million people in the United States speak Spanish at home, making it the second most popular language in the country.

Languages in Canada:

English is the predominant language in Canada, spoken by 58.1% of the population, while French is spoken by 20.8%. If you’re considering moving to Canada, it’s worth learning both languages as it will enhance job prospects and help you integrate into the community.

16. Crime rate in the USA vs. Canada: Winner Canada

NYPD USA Police (1)

Understanding the safety and security of potential new homes is crucial. Both Canada and the United States offer unique opportunities and lifestyles, but they differ in various aspects, including crime rates.

Crimes in the USA:

In the United States, although the overall crime rate remains relatively high, there has been a notable decrease in certain categories in recent years. As of 2022, the crime rates were as follows:

Crime Rate per 100,000 People
Homicide 5.0
Robbery 73.9
Aggravated Assault 279.6
Burglary 314.2
Motor Vehicle Theft 245.9

(Federal Bureau of Investigation)​​ (USAFacts)​​ (FBI Uniform Crime Reporting)​​ (Council on Criminal Justice)​.

Efforts by the government to tackle these issues continue, with the goal of further reducing crime rates and enhancing public safety.

Crimes in Canada:

Here’s the table with crime rates in Canada for various categories in 2022, including a comparison with the United States:

Crime Category Rate per 100,000 in Canada Comparison with U.S.
Homicide 2.25 Considerably lower
Robbery 60 Lower
Aggravated Assaults 150.8 Lower
Burglary 423 Higher
Motor Vehicle Theft 271 Lower

Source: Statistics Canada

These statistics illustrate a generally lower rate of crime in Canada across several major categories, However, as higher rates in burglary indicates, no nation is immune to specific crime challenges.

17. Visa and Immigration Requirements in the USA and Canada: Winner CanadaVisa and Immigration Requirements in the USA and Canada

Both Canada and the United States offer pathways for skilled workers, individuals with family ties in these countries, and students who wish to study and work there.

Visa and Immigration in the USA:

The USA is known for its complex immigration policies. It has various visa categories for work, study, and family reunification. The demand for US visas and green cards is very high. Therefore, immigration becomes difficult.

L-1, O-1, and H-1B visas are to work for your potential US employer. Your employer can also sponsor your permanent residency. As a talented worker, you can apply for a US green card via EB-1 A and EB-2 NIW. Moreover, your family, being American citizens and permanent residents, can sponsor your immigration to the US as a spouse, child or close family relative.

Visa and immigration in Canada:

Canada also has a rigorous immigration system. There are multiple pathways for skilled workers, students, and refugees. The Express Entry points-based system has become more accessible to foreign nationals.

These visas are: PR Visa (Permanent Residence), Express Entry Visa, Federal Skilled Worker Visa, Family Sponsorship, Student Visa (F1, J1, M1).

We, at PSS International Removals, are in touch with several employers and recruiters actively looking to find skilled workers in the UK looking to move to Canada. If you would like us to put you in touch, then complete our form in the Canada jobs in demand page.

USA vs. Canada| What’s the Best Choice for You?

As a little bit of fun, we’ve tallied up all our scores, and the results are in! Drumroll, please…

USA: 5 wins 🥈 (Climate, Taxes, Beaches, Food, Sports)

Canada: 7 wins 🍁 (Job Market, Cost of Living, Work-Life Balance, Healthcare, Ease of fitting in, Crime rate, Visa and Immigration)

Draws: 5 🤝 (Outdoor Activities, Cultural Differences, Education, UK Expat Community, Languages)

Whilst Canada edges out the USA with two more wins, it’s important to remember that what’s crucial for you might be different.

The best choice for you will depend on factors which are most important for you. If you prefer a warmer climate, the USA is the better choice, offering more hours of sunshine per year compared to Canada. Additionally, relocating to the United States provide higher wages on average and more opportunities in certain sectors.

On the other hand, if you are a looking for a lower cost of living and a better work-life balance, Canada may be the ideal option. Canada is known for its generous vacation time, relaxed professional environment, and higher ranking in World Happiness Reports. This can be attributed to well-being being prioritised over a fast-paced lifestyle. Furthermore, Canadians benefit from lower healthcare costs, which can save you significant money compared to living in the U.S.

Do you require assistance moving to the United States or Canada?

Ultimately, the decision between relocating to Canada or the United States hinges on your personal values and preferences concerning the environment, career opportunities, lifestyle, and VISA. Nevertheless, if you have the option to choose between the two countries, both offer a high quality of life, stunning natural landscapes, and welcoming communities, making them excellent choices for relocation from the UK.

If you are considering moving to Canada or the USA from the UK, you can visit our shipping to Canada page or shipping to the USA page to begin your journey. With over 40 years of experience, PSS International Removals has helped thousands of people move their personal belongings from the UK to international destinations. Contact us to get started today and let us assist you in making your relocation smooth and stress-free.